PERU’s work within incomes, work and poverty is concentrated on policy simulation modelling and quantitative data analysis on incomes, poverty and the labour market.

PERU maintains and develops the Institute of Public Policy Research (IPPR) Tax-Benefit Model, which simulates the effects of the UK taxes and benefits on a sample of the population. The Model provides estimates of the effect of policy on government expenditure on the distribution of income and on levels of poverty. It also facilitates ‘nowcasting’ – predicting the distribution of income over the next few years – and policy simulation – estimating the effects of proposed changes to the tax and benefit system. The Model is used by partner organisations and by PERU as part of a range of research projects.

Partner organisations using the model include: the IPPR; the Resolution Foundation; the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF); the New Economics Foundation; the Legatum Institute. The New Economic Foundation use the model for their analysis of Universal Basic Income (UBI) and Minimum Income Guarantee (MIG) approaches to social security. The Legatum Institute also use the Model in their analysis of poverty projections.

PERU has used the model on projects including:

PERU holds a continued interest in low paid work and in-work poverty, with the book Idleness being released in October 2022. Currently, workstreams include projects focusing on local housing allowances and work incentives in the tax and benefit system. PERU is also providing advice to the Health Foundation on building a dynamic microsimulation model of health demand, and is involved in the Good Employment Learning Event (led by the business school at MMU).

Latest Incomes, Work & Poverty Projects

Social Media, Youth and Consumption of Cultural Spaces (LOCUS)

LOCUS explores young people’s interactions with cultural spaces through the lens of social media consumption. This project investigates to what extent young people’s social media consumption transforms cultural spaces to “performative spaces” and how young people’s engagement with such spaces enacts their digital identities.

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The Big Life Group – Multi Modal Practitioner (MMP) evaluation

In partnership with the Ministry of Justice and the Barrow Cadbury Trust, PERU researchers are undertaking a qualitative study on the views and experiences of participants in the Chance to Change pilots.

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Doing gig work: Social implications of platform-based food deliveries

This research aims to study the platform-based gig economy and its reconfiguration of urban spaces by investigating the management, solidarity and resistance of cycle couriers in three European cities: Manchester, Lyon (France) and Cluj-Napoca (Romania).

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Modelling the effects of the tax and benefit system

PERU maintains and develops the Institute of Public Policy Research (IPPR) Tax-Benefit Model, which is a tax-benefit microsimulation model used by the IPPR, Resolution Foundation, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, New Economics Foundation, and Legatum Institute.

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