Payment by results and justice devolution in the probation sector


Chris Fox


The UK government has embarked on an ambitious programme to reform the English and Welsh probation sector. Key to these reforms has been ‘marketisation’ involving Payment by Results. More recently the devolution of justice has become a key theme. This paper describes key reforms that have taken place since 2010 and sets out evidence for their effectiveness. Currently, the available evidence is limited, but more evidence is available from other sectors where similar models have also been used. This evidence base is discussed with particular reference to the potential for the reforms to promote innovation.

Publication link

Fox, C. (2017) ‘English and Welsh experience of marketisation, payment by results and justice devolution in the probation sector’, Proces Vol.96(2) pp.119 – 130