This paper draws primarily on research undertaken in the north of England.


British Journal of Criminology

Authors

Hannah Smithson, Rob Ralphs, Patrick Williams

Abstract

This paper draws primarily on research undertaken in the north of England. The research focused on assessing the current situation in relation to the extent, and nature, of violent gang activity in three predominately Asian (Pakistani and Bangladeshi) areas. Empirical evidence is provided of the problematic way that the term ‘gang’ is being used and, argued, abused in the United Kingdom. The uncritical acceptance of the term gang into UK policy and policing practices and the policy transfer that has ensued has the potential to further marginalize and isolate some ethnic minority communities. The focus here centres upon the increased surveillance and policing of Asian communities, specifically young Pakistani and Bangladeshi males as a consequence of the application of gang labels that elevates the perceived level of risk they pose.

Publication link

http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/53/1/113.abstract?sid=0b1a1966-0a22-4c2b-b4e3-47009b184feb

Smithson, H., Ralphs, R. and Williams, P. (2012) USED AND ABUSED: The Problematic Usage of Gang Terminology in the United Kingdom and Its Implications for Ethnic Minority Youth. British Journal of Criminology 2012