A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the impact of probation caseloads on reducing recidivism and other probation outcomes

Rapid Evidence Assessment finds a growing body of evidence that lower probation caseloads have a positive impact in terms of reducing reoffending in the USA.

A Rapid Evidence Assessment To Assess The Outcomes Of Community And Custody Delivered Vocational Training And Employment Programmes On Reoffending

Rapid Evidence Assessment finds that vocational training and employment programmes were associated with 9 percent fewer programme participants reoffending, when compared with nonparticipants. Studies conducted in the UK were associated with 6 percent fewer programme participants reoffending.

The Role of Needs Assessment in the Effective Engagement of People with Convictions

This paper argues for “the potential for needs assessment and sentence planning to transcend their core justice functions and set the tone for effective engagement between probation supervisee and supervisor.”

Using Information Science to enhance educational preventing violent extremism programmes

Educational preventing violent extremism (EPVE) programs have had (to date) little if any theoretical underpinning.

Time to reset the clock on the design of impact evaluations in criminology

This paper highlights how qualitative research can enhance causal explanation in impact evaluations and provide additional causal leverage to findings from randomised experiments.

What Makes for Effective Youth Mentoring Programmes

A rapid evidence summary
Harry Armitage, Kim Heyes, Chris O'Leary, Mariola Tarrega, Emma Taylor-Collins



Innovation and the Evidence Base

This report explores the concept of innovation and its application to the delivery of probation services.

If reoffending is not the only outcome, what are the alternatives?

Probation provision is complex, with a range of providers dealing with diverse service users and performing differing functions.

Enabling change:

An assessment tool for adult offenders that operationalises risk needs responsivity and desistance principles

Functional Skills in Prison (Randomised Controlled Trial) – A Pilot Study

This programme of work aims to improve understanding of ‘best’ practice in functional skills education in England and Wales.

A Rapid Evidence Assessment on the effectiveness of remote supervision and new technologies in managing probation service users

Examining the effectiveness of remote supervision approaches and emerging new technologies to manage probation service users and assist with their desistance from further offending.

Whole System Approach for Women Offenders – Final Evaluation Report

The evaluation has found that the WSA provides a good example of a gendered approach to supporting women in contact with the criminal justice system or at risk of offending and has been successful in responding to a number of its key aims.

A Realist Model of Prison Education, Growth, and Desistance: A New Theory

This paper articulates the first ‘general theory’ of prison education, offering a new insight into the relevance of desistance theory and understanding of prison sociology to the lives of men engaged in education whilst in prison.

T2A Final Process Evaluation Report

The T2A Pathway initiative, 6 projects led by charities in partnership with statutory services, delivered services to 16-25 year olds across sites in England between 2014-2017.

Piloting different approaches to personalised offender management in the English CJS

Various approaches to personalisation are well-established in the UK social care sector and are now starting to ‘travel’ to other sectors.

Socrates & Aristotle:

The Role of Ancient Philosophers in the Self-Understanding of Desisting Prisoners

English and Welsh experience of marketisation

Payment by results and justice devolution in the probation sector

A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the effectiveness of prison education

A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the effectiveness of prison education in reducing recidivism and increasing employment

The ethical challenges of evidence-based policy research

In Research Ethics in Criminology: Dilemmas, Issues and Solutions (Edited by Cowburn, Gelsthorpe and Wahidin)

Operationalising desistance through personalisation

This article reports on the early stages of a project to develop a model of offender rehabilitation that operationalises the concept of desistance.

‘Personalisation’: Is social innovation possible under Transforming Rehabilitation?

When the Coalition government’s ‘rehabilitation revolution’ was first articulated, innovation was an important theme, encompassing innovation by frontline staff, by organisations working within a mixed economy and even social entrepreneurs.

Predictable Policing: Measuring the Crime Control Benefits of Hotspots Policing at Bus Stops

A fairly robust body of evidence suggests that hotspots policing is an effective crime prevention strategy.

The 2010-2015 Coalition and Criminal Justice: Continuities and Contradictions

The criminal justice system (CJS) in England and Wales went through extensive reform under the Coalition Government of 2010-2015.

Evaluation of the Whole System Approach for Women Offenders Executive Summary Dec 2015

Although women remain a minority group in the criminal justice system (CJS), there is increasing recognition amongst policy makers of the importance of understanding the needs of female offenders in order to better target resources and provide support that is responsive to these needs.

Personalisation: operationalizing ‘desistance’ and commissioning for justice reinvestment

Slides from Clinks 'Just and Affordable Rehabilitation' Conference, London, 1st December 2015

Markets, privatisation and law and order – some economic considerations

Kevin Albertson discusses the difficulty of aligning private incentives with the public good

ICCJ Monograph No 9: Justice, with Reason: Rethinking the Economics of Crime and Justice

Economic ideas and concepts have always influenced thinking about crime and criminal justice. Increasingly, however, criminologists, policy-makers and practitioners who draw on, or seek to critique, economic ideas take a rather narrow view of economics based on the prevailing orthodoxy: neo-liberalism. Neo-liberalism, vulgarly conceived, assumes society is comprised of self-serving, instrumentally rational actors.

PERU Briefing 14/02: Social Innovation in the Criminal Justice System

In this briefing we highlight the importance of social innovation in the criminal justice system and ask whether reforms to the criminal justice system taking place as part of the Transforming Rehabilitation policy shift will encourage or deter social innovation in the future.

Personalisation in the criminal justice system: what is the potential?

The criminal justice sector has never achieved rates of re-offending with which the public and policy makers are satisfied.

Justice Reinvestment in an “Age of Austerity”: Developments in the United Kingdom

In the UK, national and local governments are struggling to cope with the economic crisis which ensued in 2008.

‘London Reducing Reoffending Programme’ Evaluation: Executive Summary

The ‘London Reducing Reoffending Programme’ (LRRP) was an innovative Payment by Results (PbR) programme that aimed to reduce youth reoffending in London.

London Reducing Reoffending Programme’ Evaluation

The ‘London Reducing Reoffending Programme’ (LRRP) was an innovative Payment by Results (PbR) programme that aimed to reduce youth reoffending in London.

Evaluation of the Intensive Alternatives to Custody pilots

This summary presents the main findings from a range of research, conducted by Sheffield Hallam University and the Greater Manchester Probation Trust, exploring the learning from the Intensive Alternatives to Custody (IAC) pilots.

PERU Briefing 13/01 : Justice Reinvestment Thinking outside the cell

In Crime and Punishment in America, Currie notes that, short of major wars, mass imprisonment has been the most thoroughly implemented USA government social programme of recent times.

Could Personalisation Reduce Reoffending?

Rising prison numbers and high rates of re-offending illustrate the need for criminal justice reform.

Analytical Chemistry

Using Isotopic Fractionation to Link Precursor to Product in the Synthesis of (±)-Mephedrone: A New Tool for Combating "Legal High" Drugs

Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

Synthesis, full chemical characterisation and development of validated methods for the quantification of (±)-4'-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone): a new "legal high”

Justice Reinvestment: Can it Deliver More for Less?

Recent years have seen high levels of public spending on criminal justice but to relatively little effect

Using social media as a means of improving public confidence

The ‘confidence agenda’ poses important new challenges for Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships in general and the police in particular.

Crime and Economics: An Introduction

Crime and Economics provides the first comprehensive and accessible text to address the economics of crime within the study of crime and criminology.

Estimating the costs and benefits of an alcohol treatment requirement

Purpose – This paper seeks to report on a project to estimate the costs and benefits of implementing an Alcohol Treatment Requirement (ATR) in Stockport.

Community Legal Advice Centres and Networks: A Process Evaluation

This report sets out the findings of the process evaluation of Community Legal Advice Centres and Networks commissioned by the Legal Services Research Centre (LSRC).

Justice Reinvestment: Can the Criminal Justice System Deliver More for Less?

Rising prison numbers on both sides of the Atlantic are cause for concern. Justice Reinvestment is a major movement in criminal justice reform in the US that is also attracting lots of interest in the UK.